back Kalium Carbonicum

Synonym. - Potassium Carbonate. Common name. - Carbonate of Potash. Preparation.- Triturations.

GENERAL ANALYSIS.

Acts especially upon the respiratory mucous membrane, the digestive tract, and upon the ovario-uterine system. The con- dition produced is one of excessive irritation, giving rise to a condition bordering on inflammation, yet hardly reaching that point. The membranes, under its influence, become extremely dry, and as a result we have sharp stitching pains, which is its great characteristic.

CHARACTERISTIC SYMPTOMS.

Mind. - Very easily frightened (Mtr. ac). Irascible, passionate humor {Bry., Cham., Nux v.). Anxiety with fear (Acon., Gels., Op.); about her disease. Peevish and irritable (Bry., Cham., Cina, Hep. s.).

Head. - Vertigo when rapidly turning the head or body (Coni.). Constant sensation of something loose in the head, turning and twisting towards forehead. Pressive headache. Headache mornings on waking (Natr. mur., Nux v.); from walking in the open air. Pressure and drawing tearing in the forehead, extending into the eyes and root of the nose. One-sided headache; paroxysmal, in evening, with nausea. Stitches in the temples; worse stooping, moving head, eyes or jaw; better raising the head, and from heat. oHeadache and vertigo from motion of a carriage (Coccul.). Dryness and falling out of the hair (Lach., Nitr. ac, Sep., Phos.).

Eyes. - Burning and stitches in the eyes; smarting. Swelling betweenthe eyebrows and lids, like a sack (upper lid, Apis). Lids swollen and inflamed; agglutinated, especially mornings {Lyc.., Mere., Puls., Sulph.). Tearing in right orbit and eye at night. Pain in the eyes while reading (Buta). Soreness of external canthus, with burning pain. Photophobia, lachrymation (Acon., Bell., Merc., Sulph.). Weakness of vision; fog before the eyes (Bell., Cycl., Merc, Puls., Sulph.). Bright spots and sparks before the eyes (Bell., Cycl., Merc, Phos., Sulph.).

Ears. - Stitches in the ear (Coni., Graph., Nitr. ac); tickling, itching. Inflammation and swelling of the parotids (Merc, bin.). Roaring, whizzing, cracking noises in the ear (Borax, Cinch., Graph.).

Nose.- Nose swollen and red (Bell., Nitr. ac, Rhus tox.); nostrils sore and scurfy (Merc, Nitr. ac, Kali bi., Sep.). Stoppage of the nose; dry coryza. Frequent bleeding of the nose (Acon., Bell., Bry.) mornings. Fluent coryza. Burning. Blowing offensive matter from the nose. Ulcerative pain in right nostril.

Face. - Pale, sickly color of the face; face bloated (Ars.). Haggard exhausted look. Lifeless expression. Tearing stitches in the cheek. Scurf on the upper lip.

Mouth. - - Toothache only when eating; throbbing; worse when touched by anything cold or warm. Tearing lancinating toothache, with pain in facial bones. Much saliva constantly in the mouth,. Burning and soreness on tip of tongue (Calc. c, Carb. v.). Mouth and tongue covered with painful, burning vesicles (Lyc., Mur. ac, Natr. mur.). Offensive odor from the mouth every morning, like old cheese. Dryness in the mouth in the evening, without thirst. Foul, slimy taste in the mouth (Arm, Merc, Nux v.).

Throat. - Much tenacious mucus in hack part of throat (Hydras, Kali bi.); mornings; which can neither be completely swallowed nor hawked up. Sticking pain in the pharynx, as if there were a fish bone in it {Hep. s.), on becoming cold. Scraping, dryness and roughness in throat. Crawling in the throat, causing hemming and coughing. Difficult swallowing; the food descends the oesophagus very slowly, with gagging and vomiting. Swelling of the cervical glands.

Stomach. - Sour eructations (Alum., Carb. v., Nux v., Phos., Sulph.); regurgitation of food and water. Eructations; in morning; of water after midnight. Nausea after a meal; on every inward emotion; oduring pregnancy (Nux m., Puls., Sep.); with faintness. Vomiting of food and acids. A constant feeling as if the stomach ivere full of water. Pit of stomach swollen, tense, sensitive to the touch (Hyos., Natr. carb.); violent throbbing; cutting {Bell.). Heavy pressure in the stomach after eating {Bry., Nux v., Puls.). Burning acidity rising from stomach, with spasmodic constriction.

Abdomen. - Heat and burning pain, or stitches, in hepatic region (Acon., Ars., Bry., Cinch., Merc, Nux v., Sep.); sore pain on touch. Pain in liver when walking, changing to heaviness; drawing soreness. Violent cutting pains all over the abdomen as if everything would be torn to pieces. Fullness, heat and great distension in the abdomen immediately after eating a little (Cinch., Lyc., Nux v.). Feeling of coldness, as if a cold fluid passed through the intestines; during menses. Stitches in the lower abdomen. Heaviness and tension in abdomen; when sitting and walking. Discharge of much flatulence; increased flatulence.

Stool and Anus.- Burning or biting, sore sensation in and around anus after stool. Large painful haemorrhoids (Mur. ac), with stitches and burning; protrude during stool; much bleeding. In the anus, stitches; cutting; soreness; itching (Sulph.); burning. Burning and griping in rectum. Ineffectual urging to stool (Amm. mur., Coni., Nux v.); rectum feels too weak to expel it. Stool insufficient, soft, bloody; like sheep's dung (Alum., Plumb., Op., Sep.); only with much exertion. Constipation during menstruation.

Urinary Organs. - Frequent urination, especially at night (Ambr., Coni., Digit., Phos. ac), with much pressure and scanty emission; has to wait long for the urine to pass. Burning in the urethra while urinating, urine flows slowly. Discharge of a few drops after urinating; urine fiery, hot, scanty; pale greenish; turbid.

Male Organs. - Sexual desire excessive or deficient. Great weakness after pollutions or coitions (Agar., Calc c, Cinch., Phos. ac, Staph.).

Female Organs. - Menses too arly, too profuse, and long lasting (Bell., Calc. c, Nux v., Phos., Sabin.). Suppression of the menses, with dropsical effusion. Great soreness about the genitals before, during and after menstruation. During menses cutting in abdoinen; aching and pressure in small of back (Cimic, Puls.) as if everything would press out of the genitals; itching, nettle rash (Dulc); constipation. oYellow corrosive leucorrhcea (Ars.); backache. Tearing stitches in the mammae (Bry.).

Respiratory Organs. - Easy choking when eating. Shortness of breath in the morning. Arrest of breath awakens at night. Complete hoarseness and loss of voice (Carb. v., Caust., Hep. s., Phos.). Raw pain in larynx on coughing. Cough ivorse from 3 to 4 A.M. (Amm. carb., Dros.), Cough evening after lying down; paroxysmal from tickling in the throat; spasmodic, with gagging and vomiting; suffocative dryness of the larynx. Dry cough from tickling in the troat. Dry cough, waking at night, with acute pain in chest on coughing, little cough during the day. Purulent expectoration with the cough (Cinch., Dulc, Lyc., Phos., Sil.). Expectorations of small round lumps from the throat. Weakness of the chest from rapid walking; also tightness and oppression. Tension across the chest on expiration, while walking. Cutting pain in the chest in the evening, after lying down; extending into left hypochondrium. Stitches in the chest on inspiration (Bad., Bry., Phos.). Sore pain in chest from talking, breathing, lifting (Rhus tox.). Pressure in the chest.

Heart. - Frequent and violent palpitation (Acon., Ars., Spig., Sulph.); on least exertion. Intermission of the beats of the heart (Digit., Natr. mur.).

Neck and Back.- Stiffness of the nape of the neck (Ign.,, Lach., Rhus tox.); in morning in bed. Swelling of glands. oBackache while walking; feels as if she must give up and lie down; after confinement, abortion, metrorrhagia, etc. Backache as if bruised or broken (Bell., Natr. mur., Nux v.) during rest. Stitches and tearing in right scapula on breathing, mornings. Stitches and pain in region of kidneys. Drawing pain in small of back. Hard pressure in small of back. Tearing in lumbar muscles, impeding respiration.

Limbs. - Uneasiness in limbs, in evenings, in bed. Heaviness of the limbs; scarcely able to lift the feet. Extremities inclined to fall asleep. Stitches in joints and tendons. Drawing, tearing pains in limbs. Limbs pain when he rests them upon any object.

Upper Limbs. - Weakness and loss of power in both arms. Tearing in the left shoulder joint. Swelling of the axillary glands. Drawing, tearing in both elbows. Pulsative pain in left upper arm by pauses. Hands and fingers go to sleep. Tearing between thumb and index finger. Perspiration in axillae.

Lower Limbs.- Falling asleep and numbness. Tearing in and on nates not far from hip-joint; also suppurative pain, from sitting and in thighs. Paralytic drawing pains in thigh. Uneasiness of legs in the evening. Cramp in right thigh and calf at night. Jerking in the muscles of thighs. Tearing pain in knees, and over the leg and feet. Tearing on inside of foot and on sole; in toes. Heaviness of feet, walking is irksome. Tips of toes very painful on walking.

Generalities. - Frequent exhaustion and weariness. Sensitiveness on touch and motion. Very much inclined to take cold (Calc. c, Natr. mur., Phos., Sil.); symptoms of talcing cold from every draught of air. Rheumatic pains in back, chest, shoulders and arms, worse on moving them. Twitching of the muscles (Agar., Ign., Iodi., Stram.). Sticking, stitching pains (Bry.). Night sweats (Cinch., Iodi., Phos., Phos. ac, Sil.). Anaemia, with great debility; skin watery, milky white; muscles weakened, especially the heart; hence weak pulse is a general characteristic. Dread of open air; aggravation of symptoms in open air. Hectic fever. Feel- ing of emptiness in whole body, as if it were hollow. Bruised pain in all muscles. Heavines and weariness; in the morn- ing on waking. Weary and faint as soon as he moves a little. Pains recur at 2 or 3 A.M.; also aggravation of cough at that hour. Burning at various places under the skin.

Sleep. - Drowsiness and yawning (Nux m.). Attacks of sleepiness while eating; after eating (Nux v.). Restless sleep; anxious dreams; talking in sleep; starting. Wakes in the morning about 1 or 2 o'clock, and cannot sleep again.

Conditions.- Especially suited for old people, and for fat people with lax fibre; dark hair; after loss of fluids or vitality, especially in anaemic persons.

Compare.- Ars., Acon., Bell., Bry., Carb. v., Cham., Cinch., Coni., Gels., Kali bi., Lach., Lyc., Merc, Natr. mur., Nitr. ac., Nux v., Op., Phos., Puls., Rhus tox., Sep., Stram., Sulph.

Antidotes.- Camph., Coff. c, Nitr. sp. d.

THERAPEUTICS.

Kali carb., like all the Potash salts, enfeebles the system and produces anaemia; hence it is often the remedy in anaemia with general debility, especially after sexual excesses, protracted diseases, parturition and abortion (Cinch.), if the general symptoms of the drug before mentioned are present; skin milky-white; muscles weakened, especially the heart, hence weak pulse; backache; vertigo; roaring in ears; excess of urates in urine, showing great waste of tissue, very sensitive to cold air; worse early in the morning; tendency to cough and stitching pains. A valuable remedy in catarrhal conditions, especially when characterized by dryness of the membranes, scanty tenacious expectoration and stitching pains. Muscular asthenopia. Catarrhal and other affections of the eyes with symptoms already enumerated. Chronic inflammation of middle ear, with stitching pains. Chronic nasal catarrh, nose dry and obstructed, better in open air, worse in warm room. Stitching toothache, especially when eating, or when tooth is touched by anything cold or warm. Pharyngeal catarrh (see throat symptoms). Gastralgia. Gastric catarrh. Dyspepsia. Gastric disorders from drinking ice-water. Chronic hepatitis. Flatulent indigestion. Haemorrhoids. Chronic diarrhoea. Constipation. Loss of power in bladder, almost paralysis, urine passes slowly and requires great exertion and pressure. Nephritis. Has been found useful in amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia, with presence of the characteristic conditions of the drug. Threatening abortion with sharp, cutting pains. Puerperal metritis, sharp cutting pains. Kali carb. is invaluable in the treatment of catarrhal conditions of the lower air passages and pulmonary affections in general where the characteristic symptoms of the drug are present, as is frequently the case. With all these conditions there is associated sharp, stitching pains in the chest and cough, worse from 3 to 4 a.m., if the drug is well indicated. Cough usually dry with scanty expectoration. Chronic laryngeal catarrh. Asthma. Bronchitis. Capillary bronchitis. Pneumonia. Chronic pneumonia of apex, with tendency to tuberculosis, hacking cough; short breath; weakness of chest; stitching pains; sensitive to cold air; dropsical swelling under the eyebrows; scanty, tenacious expectoration, difficult to dislodge, slips back into pharynx; often invaluable in tuberculosis, with purulent expectoration and other symptoms just described. Whooping cough, paroxysms at 3 or 4 a.m., stitching pains, dry, hacking cough, etc. Hydrothorax. Anasarca and ascites, especially in old people. Muscular rheumatism. Especially useful in lumbago (see symptoms of "Back"). Sciatica, with lancinating tearing pains. Hip disease, with violent stitching pains and other Kali symptoms. Endocarditis and pericarditis where stitching pains are the chief characteristic, especially late in the disease. Erysipelas from wounds; in old people; with swelling under eyebrows, etc. Sometimes indicated in paralytic condition. Spinal irritation, with backache, better when lying down; reflex from uterine disturbances.


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