back Manganum

Preparation. - Triturations of the Carbonate or Acetate of Manganese.

GENERAL ANALYSIS.

Acts powerfully upon the motor nervous system, producing paralysis, beginning with paraplegia. It differs from Mercury in first affecting the lower extremities, and in not exciting tremors, and from Lead in not causing colic and constipation. Through its nervous influence, Manganum produces irritation of various organs, even extending to inflammation.

CHARACTERISTIC SYMPTOMS.

Mind.- Moping mood (Puls.); fretful; iii-humored.

Head. - Head feels heavy, with sensation as if it were larger, could hardly hold it up. Congestion of blood to the head, with throbbing in the head (Acon., Bell., Glon.); better in open air. Drawing, stinging or tensive headache, in the open air; better indoors. Jarring of the brain from motion of the head. Contractive, stitching pain in forepart of head, especially in temples; worse in open air. Frequent rising of heat in the head, with thirst. Headaches arising in the room ; better in open air, and vice versa.

Eyes. - Burning heat and dryness of the eyes. Eyelids pain on moving, and become dry on looking at bright light. Pupils much dilated or contracted.

Ears. - Dull shooting pain in ears when speaking. Deafness, as if the ears were stopped (Coccus). Loud cracking noise in ears, when blowing the nose or swallowing (Graph.). Swell- ing in left parotid, with a reddish hue, in typhus.

Nose. - Dry coryza, with obstruction of the nostrils (Nux v.); in evening, with red, sore, painful nose and upper lip. Sometimes dry, and sometimes fluent coryza.

Face. - Suffering expression ; face pale and sunken. Erup- tions and ulcers at the corners of the mouth (Ant. crud., Graph., Lyc.).

Mouth. - Violent pains in the teeth, which pass rapidly to other parts.

Throat. - Throat dry; scratching feeling, as if the trachea were closed with a leaf. Sore throat, with cutting pain, as from excoriation, when not swallowing.

Stomach. - Absence of thirst (Apis, Puls.). Heat and burning in the stomach, ascending to the chest (Ars.), with nausea.

Abdomen. - Cutting in umbilical region during deep inspir- ation.

Stool and Anus. - Constrictive pain in the anus while sitting. Constipation; difficult, dry, knotty evacuations (Plumb., Mag. m.).

Urinary Organs- Frequent desire to urinate (Acon., Apis, Apoc); during the day.

Male Organs.- Sensation of weakness in the genitals, with burning and drawing in the spermatic cord, extending to the glands.

Female Organs. - Menses too early and too scanty ; lasting two days.

Respiratory Organs. - Dry cough from loud reading or talk- ing, with painful dryness, roughness and constriction of larynx, causing sensation to cough, with which mucus was loosened after long hawking. Inclination to cough morn- ings. Deep cough, without expectoration ; ceasing on ly- ing down. Obstinate hoarseness and roughness, espe- cially in the morning (Caust., Nux v.), and in the open air; better from smoking. Warm constriction, extending from the middle of the abdomen to the chest, with nausea.

Heart. - Sudden shocks at the heart and in the left side of the chest, from above downward. Pulse irregular, sometimes rapid, sometimes slow, but constantly weak and soft.

Limbs. - Tensive pain in the joints of the arms and hands. Eheumatic, tearing pains, extending from the shoulders to the fingers. Tension and drawing stitches in the thigh.

Generalities. - Weakness. Paraplegia. Paralysis, first of the lower limbs (Ars.). Tension or cramp-like drawing and tearing in various parts. oArthritic pains in the joints; worse at night (Merc). Insupportable digging pains in bones and periosteum; worse at night (Merc, Phos. ac.). oA11 bones, particularly in lower limbs, sensitive to touch ; in typhus.

Skin. - Excoriations and fissures in the bends of the joints (Graph., Squilla). Voluptuous itching; relieved by scratch- ing (Sulph.). Itching in the hollow of the knee and on the shin.

Sleep.- Yivid, anxious dreams, which are well remembered.

Aggravation. - At night ; from changes of weather (Ranunc), which sometimes also ameliorate; symptoms coming on indoors are better in the open air, and vice versa.

Compare.- Amm. carb., Ars., Coff. c, Coni., Ferr., Lyc.,, Plat., Puls., Thuja, Yerat. alb.

Antidote.- Coff.

THERAPEUTICS.

Manganum has been mostly used in laryngeal affections; laryngeal catarrh with symptoms above given, and especially in anaemic persons with tubercular deposits in lungs. Said to be very useful in boys and girls when the voice is changing, and remains harsh and hoarse, with continual catarrh and clearing of the throat. Hoarseness and cough from reading aloud, with dryness and rawness of the larynx, and efforts to detach mucus from the throat. Laryngeal phthisis, with rawness and hoarse- ness. General anaemia, especially in tuberculous patients with profuse menstruation and metrorrhagia. Chronic nasal catarrh with obstructed and sore nostrils. Chronic rheumatism shift- ing from place to place. Otalgia. Earache with cracking in ears when blowing the nose, ears stopped up, worse from change of weather. Periostitis. Has been used in psoriasis and other skin diseases.


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