back Absinthium

Synonyms- Artemisia absinthium. Absinthium vulgare.

Natural order. - Compositae.

Common name. - Wormwood.

Habitat.- A shrub growing wild in Europe ; naturalized in the United States.

Preparation. - Tincture from the fresh young leaves.

 

Absinthium exercises a specific influence upon the nervous system, inducing symptoms of an epileptiform character, muscular tremors, tonic and clonic spasms, foaming at the mouth, involuntary defecation and discharge of semen, together with hallucinations, and delirium, the brain and spinal cord being in a state of congestion, especially in the region of the medulla oblongata. It also, secondarily, affects the vegetative sphere, producing at first increased appetite, promoting digestion. accelerating the circulation, and to some extent augmenting the secretions, this condition after a time giving way to one of an opposite character-impaired digestion, with its usual train of symptoms. Its action is similar to that of alcohol, its chronic effects being much more serious in their character.

 

Mind. - Forgets what has recently happened. Insane; idiotic; brutal. Dread of assassination. Frightful visions (Opium) and terrifying hallucinations (Anac, Can. ind., Hyos., Stram.). Stupor alternating with dangerous violence. Unsensible with convulsions (Cic).

Head.- Vertigo on rising, or with tendency to fall backward. Confusion with headache. Congestion of the brain and spinal cord.

Eyes.- Conjunctiva injected. Sclorotic yellow. Eyes brilliant. Pain and itching in the eyes. Eyelids feel heavy (Caust., Con. mac, Natr. c). Pupils unequally dilated.

Ears.- oRunning from the ears; after headache.

Face.- Foolish look. Rush of blood to the face (Acon., Bell.). oMakes grimaces, and foams at the mouth in epilepsy.

Mouth.- Jaws firmly fixed (Cic, Ign., Hyos., Nux v.). Bites his tongue in epilepsy; tongue thick, protruding; can scarcely talk ; tongue trembling; seems paralyzed.

Stomach. - Loss of appetite; loathing of food. Food lies heavy as if it would not be digested (Ars., Bry., Cistus, Colch., Nux v.. Puis.). Stomach feels cold and oppressed. Eructations; nausea; vomiting of bitter mucus. Nausea, apparently in region of gall bladder. Uncomfortable, irritated feeling of stomach.

Abdomen- Liver and spleen feel as if swollen. Bloated around waist and in abdomen. Immense accumulation of flatu- lence in abdomen (Carb. v., Cinch., Lyc., Sulph.).

Urinary Organs.- Constant desire to urinate. Urine deep orange, of a strong smell (Benz. ac), like horse urine (Natr. a., Nitr. ac.); albuminous.

Female Organs.- Darting pain in right ovary (Apis.). o Chlorosis (Ferr., Helon.).

Heart.- Tremor of the heart felt toward the back. Heart thumps can be heard in scapular region.

Generalities.- Feet very cold. Falling down, as in epilepsy, unconscious, with distortion of the features, spasms of the limbs, bloody foam at mouth, and biting of the tongue (Cic.) ; very weak afterward. Epileptic attacks occurring in rapid succession. Excited opisthotonos; grinding teeth; followed by stupor (Nux v., Opium). oParalysis of inner organs. Sciatica.

Conditions.- Young people.

Compare- Artem. vulg., Abrot., Alcohol, Bell., Cham., Hyos., Stram.

 

THERAPEUTICS.

Congestion of the brain, medulla, and spine ; delirium ebriosorum ; sleeplessness in typhoid fever when there is congestion of the brain (Farrington); catarrhal conjunctivitis; enlarged liver or spleen ; wind colic ; prolonged spasms of children ; epileptiform convulsions ;; dyspepsia ; chlorosis ; sciatica.


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