back Agnus Castus

Synonym. - Vitex agnus castus.

Natural order. - Verbenaceae.

Common name. - Chaste Tree.

Habitat. - A shrub growing in southern Europe, on the shores of the Mediterranean.

Preparation. - Tincture from the bruised fresh, ripe berries.

 

This drug has a special affinity for the sexual system, depressing the sexual instinct without previous excitation, and producing complete prostration and impotence.  For this reason it was used, in an early day, by both men and women, to repress carnal desire.

 

Mind. - Extreme absence of mind; unable to recollect things (Anac, Kreos., Merc., Natr. mur., Nux m., Phos. ac).   Inability to fix the attention when reading (Gels., Phos.).  Indifference; sadness; low-spirited; fears of approaching death (Acon., Ars., Cimic); loss of courage.

Head. - Tearing pain with pressure in the temples and forehead;  worse during motion.

Ears.- Roaring in the ears.

Face.- Corrosive itching of the chest. Bending, tearing pain under the alveoli of the right lower jaw.

Stomach. - No thirst.

Abdomen.- Rumbling in abdomen during sleep.

Male Organs. - Sexual desire lessened, almost lost (Sulph.). Penis so relaxed that voluptuous fancies excite no erection (Agar., Coni.).  Testes cold, swollen, hard and painful (Acon., Coni.). Penis small, flaccid (Arg. nit.). Feeble erections without sexual desire. Emission at night after an embrace (Phos.), semen discharged in a stream without ejaculation (Gels.), scanty and has bub little smell.  oImpotence with gleet (Sulph.). oYellow urethral discharge (Hyd., Puls.).  oGleet without sexual desire or erections.  Emission of prostatic fluid when straining at stool (Phos. acid., Sil.).

Female Organs.- oTransparent leucorrhoea (Alum); parts very relaxed. oSexual intercourse abhorrent.  oMilh scanty or entirely suppressed (Acon., Puls.).

Upper Limbs.- Hard pressure in right axilla and upper arm; worse from touch and motion.

Lower Limbs. - Heaviness of right foot, as from a weight, Tearing pain in joints of toes; worse when walking.

Fever. - Internal chilliness with trembling of the whole body; skin warm.

Skin. - The corrosive itching yields to scratching, but returns as speedily.

Conditions.- In lymphatic constitutions; in "old sinners," who have frequently had gonorrhoea.

Compare.- Coni., Gels., Phos., Phos. ac, Picric acid, Selen., Sulph.

 

THERAPEUTICS.

Especially useful in premature old age, which arises in young persons from abuse of the sexual powers, marked by melancholy, apathy, mental distraction, self-contempt, general debility, frequent loss of spermatic fluid.  In atonic conditions of the sexual powers and spermatorrhoea, especially in those who have abused themselves and who have frequently had gonorrhoea. Also gonorrhoea, gleet and induration of testes occurring in this class of persons. In women the drug has been successfully used for leucorrhoea.  Also for agalactia.  It is especially useful for women in whom the sexual instinct is entirely absent.


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