back Alumina

Synonyms. - Aluminum tri-hydrate. Argilla pura. Pure Clay.

Preparation. - Triturations.

Alumina affects directly the motor nervous system, giving a paralytic condition, but it shows its most specific action upon the mucous membranes, and of these the intestinal and vaginal are principally involved. The condition seems to be that of extreme dryness and lack of secretion, with more or less irritation.

 

Mind.- Anxiety ; uneasiness as if she had done something bad. Changing mood, at one time confident, at another timid. Peevish and whining (Cham.), obstinate (Bry., Nux v., Cham.); low-spirited (Puls.); dread of impending evil (Anac, Ars., Calc. c, Chin, sulph.).

Head.- Vertigo; everything turns in a circle (Arn., Bell., Coni., Bry., Nux v.); with fainting nausea (Lob.); in the morning (Phos., Nitr. ac), on opening the eyes (Lach.). Great stupor with dread of falling forward. Severe stitches in the brain with nausea. Burning pressive pain, with heat in forehead, while standing or sitting.  Better in the open air.  Pulsative headache in vertex.  Pressure on forehead as from a tight hat. Headache, worse in the morning on rising.

Eyes.- Squinting. Lachrymation. Burning and pressure in the eyes (Ars.). Dimsightedness ; obliged to wipe the eyes constantly, with sensation as if the lids would adhere in the corners (Croc, Puls.). Itching in the canthi and lids. Photophobia in the morning. Eyes agglutinated on waking (Ant. crud., Sil., Sulph.); burn on being opened, with dread of light. (Acon., Bell., Lyc.).  Eyelids thickened (Graph., Puls.); dry and burning.

Ears. - Heat and redness of ears, evenings.

Nose. - Septum of nose swollen, red, and painful to touch (Ars., Merc). Swelling and hardness of left ala nasi; point of nose cracked. Ulcerated nostrils (Ant. crud., Aur., Graph., Kali bi., Nitr. ac, Puls.). Obstruction. oChronic nasal catarrh, with scurfy, sore nostrils, and discharge of thick yellow mucus (Baryt. c, Graph., Hep. s., Hydras., Kali bi., Merc, Puls.).

Face.- Tension of the skin of the face as though white of egg had dried on it (Baryt. carb., Calad., Graph., Sulph. ac).  Lips chapped. Involuntary spasmodic twitching of lower jaw.

Mouth.- Teeth feel loose and elongated (Carb. an., Merc, Nitr. ac).  Ulcers in the mouth.  Swelling and bleeding of the gums (Merc, Nitr. ac).  Saliva increased, though the mouth may feel dry.

Throat -Throat red and inflamed (Bell., Lach., Merc.). Great dryness which induces frequent clearing of the throat in the evening. Thick viscid mucus in the throat, evening and morning (Amm. mur., Kali bi.).  Feeling of a splinter in the throat (Arg. nit., Nit. ac., Hep. s.).  Sense of constriction from pharynx down to stomach on swallowing food (Lyc).  Pressure in the throat as from a lump, with sore- ness, roughness, and dryness, rawness, scraping.

Stomach.- Entire loss of appetite (Ars., Calc c, Cinch., Natr. mur., Sulph.); no taste. Aversion to meat (Arm, Carb. v., Graph., Puls.). oAppetite for starch, chalk, charcoal, and other indigestible things ; chlorosis. Nausea, with faintness and vertigo, mornings.  Burning in the stomach (Ars.). Sour eructations (Carb. v., Phos., Nux v., Sulph.); heartburn.  Constriction and twisting in the stomach, extending up the oesophagus to the throat.

Abdomen. - Flatulence. Sticking pressive pain in the region of the abdominal ring, as from hernia (Cocc., Nitr. ac, Nux v.).

Stool and Anus. - Rectum seems paralyzed. Pressure end sense of excoriation in rectum after a small hard stool. Tenesmus in rectum during diarrhoea.  Inactivity of the rectum (Camph., Op., Sep.); even the soft stool requires great straining (Carb. v., Cinch.).  No desire for and no ability to pass stool, until there is a large accumulation.  Excoriation in the anus after an evacuation, with contraction of the rectum and constriction of the anus (Natr. mur.).  Stools hard and knotty like sheep dung (Op., Plumb.); with cutting in the anus followed by blood (Merc, Nux v.).  Stool scanty, difficultoConstipation of nursing children (Op., Nux v.).

Urinary Organs.- Urine voided while straining at stool, or cannot pass urine without much straining. Feeling of weakness in the bladder and genital organs.

Female Organs. - Profuse, transparent (Agar.), acrid leucorrhoea running down to the feet, during the day. Acrid, corrosive leucorrhoea, with burning in the genital organs; parts inflamed and corroded (Coni., Iod., Kreos., Merc, Phos., Puls.), making walking difficult ; relieved by washing with cold water.  oAfter menses great exhaustion in both body and mind (Amm. carb., Carb. an., Coccul.).

Respiratory Organs. - Continued dry, hacking cough, with vomiting and arrest of breathing. Irritation in larynx, inducing cough. Dry cough at night (Cimic, Hyos., Lyc.), with dryness of the throat. Cough with much expectoration (Stan.).  Violent oppressive pain in chest, worse at night.

Heart. - Palpitation .

Neck and Back.- Swelling of glands of left side of neck.  Pain, as if bruised in small of back and back.  Pain in the back as if a hot iron were thrust through the lower vertebrae.

Limbs.- Pain as if squeezed narrower, with pressure in joints. Drawing pains in limbs.

Upper Limbs.- Pain, as if from a sprain in shoulder joint, especially on raising the arm. Gnawing beneath the finger nails.

Lower Limbs. - Great heaviness in the lower limbs; can scarcely drag them; when walking staggers, and has to sit down; in the evening.  oInability to walk, except when the eyes are open and in daytime. Locomotor ataxia. Nates go to sleep when sitting. Great iveariness of the legs when sitting.  Long, continued tension in the thighs and legs, almost like a cramp; extending downward. Trembling in the knees. Frequent cramps in the calves. Numbness of the heel, when stepping. Pain on the sole of the foot, on stepping, as though it were too soft and swollen (Ant. crud.).

Generalities. - Excessively faint and tired, must lie down (Cinch., Sulph.). Takes cold easily. Slow tottering gait, as after a severe sickness. Tremulous lassitude (Cinch., Sulph.). Weakness. oParalysis from spinal disease; cannot walk with the eyes closed.

Skin. - Intolerable itching of the whole body, especially on becoming heated, and in bed; scratches until the skin bleeds, which is then painful (Clem., Merc, Mez., Sulph.); especially associated with constipation.

Sleep. - Sleepiness in morning. Frequent waking. Dreams, anxious, coufused; nightmare.

Conditions. - Dry, thin, withered subjects, and in old people. In infancy (constipation). Puberty (chlorosis).

Compare.- Aur., Baryt. c, Caust., Ferr., Graph., Kali c, Mag. c, Merc, Natr. m., Nux v., Phos., Plumb., Rhus tox.. Silic., Sulph., Zinc.

Alumina Antidotes.- Plumbum ; lead poisoning.

 

THERAPEUTICS.

Chronic diseases, especially those of a catarrhal character, as nasal catarrh, bronchitis, pharyngitis, etc, also leucorrhcea and gonorrhoea; catarrhal conjunctivitis, with dryness and smarting, and loss of power in lids; granular lids; chronic blepharitis; asthenopia from irritated conjunctivae.  Alumina is especially useful in the treatment of constipation from inactivity of the rectum, with symptoms above described.  It is the chief remedy in the constipation of nursing children, especially when the rectum is dry, inflamed and bleeding. Also in lead colic. In spinal affections, especially progressive locomotor ataxia (Dr. Bceninghausen reports the cure of four cases). It has also proved useful in chlorosis, prolapsus uteri, and in the seminal weakness of males when there are emissions with straining at stool, especially in old men.


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