Anthracinum (Anthrax Poison)
The alcoholic extract of the anthrax poison prepared from the spleen of cattle ill with the disease. A nosode rejected by the old school, and by the majority of the new, in spite of its being a remedy which bears out our theory, and one which has proved of the utmost use in practice. It has not yet been proved, but the frequent use made of it and the verification of the toxic symptoms by some of our best practitioners justifies its reception. The first preparation was made according to Hering's propositions [laid down in Stapf's Archives, 1830], by Dr. G. A. Weber, and applied with the most astonishing success in the cattle plague. He cured every case with it, and also cured men poisoned by the contagium. His report, a small treatise of 114 pages, was published in 1836, by Reclam, Leipzig. No notice was taken of it. Only the talented Dr. P. Dufresne the founder of the Bibliotheque Homoeopathique, of Geneva, used it and prevented the further murderous spread of the disease, in a flock of sheep [among which it is always more fatal than among other domestic animals], and cured the shepherds as well [Biblioth. Homoeop. de Geneve, January and February, 1837].
The discovery of the bacteria and their incredibly rapid propagation, seemed to be of much more importance than the cure of cattle, and the loss of millions of dollars by this disease. In 1842 France sustained a loss of over seven millions of francs and every year a small district of Germany had a loss of sixty thousand thalers, from the cattle plague; in Siberia, in 1785, 100, 000 horses died with it; in 1800, one small district lost 27,000 horses. Radiate heat, proposed scores of years ago, for other zymotic diseases, by Hering, was discovered, in a very ingenious way, by Pasteur, to prevent the increase of bacteria. Now the heat [as it has done in hydrophobia.], and the nosode may suffice to cure every case.
Doctor Kasemann had moral courage enough to introduce anthracin in gangrene and sphacelus, in 1852, and Doctor Raue has given it in carbuncles, since 1858 [see his pathology and Diagnosis.] and in gangrenic whitlow [see Journal of Clinics, 4, 142].
All symptoms produced by the poison on men are inserted, because the symptoms from the snake-bite and from the bee sting have been proved to be useful in numerous cases as well as the toxic symptoms of Arsenic, Opium and other drugs.
Dr. Hering says: "Homoeopathic practitioners of the greatest integrity, and trustworthy beyond a doubt, long ago cured splenic fever in cattle, flocks of sheep and their shepherds by Anthracin, and alcoholic tincture made from the blood of a bacteric spleen. Of course the alcohol killed the infusoria, but what remained dissolved therein cured the disease in animals and men." This proves conclusively:
1. That the crude poison and its alcoholic solution must possess similar pathogenetic properties; hence to a proving of Anthracinum must be added all the symptoms of uncomplicated splenic fever; to those of Hydrophobinum, the symptoms of every case of pure hydrophobia; to those of Hydrophobinum, the symptoms of every case of pure hydrophobia; to those of Syphilinum all those of pure syphilis, etc., etc.
2. That bacteria are not the cause but the effect of the disease, a doctrine which we hold to be true with regard to all parasites connected with deranged health, and that therefore their destruction by local application is not equivalent to the cure of the disease itself.
CHARACTERISTICS: In carbuncle, malignant ulcers and complaints with ulceration, sloughing and intolerable burning. Painful glandular swellings; cellular tissue indurated; anthrax quinsy.
When Arsenicum or the best selected remedy fails to relieve the burning pain of carbuncle or malignant ulceration, study Anthracinum.
Hemorrhage: blood oozes from mouth, nose, anus or sexual organs; black, thick, tar-like, rapidly decomposing [Crotalus.].
Septic fever, rapid loss of strength, sinking pulse, delirium and fainting [Pyrog.].
Gangrenous ulcers; felon, carbuncle; gangrenous erysipelas of a malignant type.
Felon; the worst cases, with sloughing and terrible burning pain [Ars., Carb-ac., Euph., Lach.].
Malignant pustule; black or blue blisters; often fatal in twenty-four or forty-eight hours [Echi., Lach., Pyrog.].
Carbuncle: with horrible burning pains; discharge of ichorous offensive pus.
Furuncles and all forms of boils, large and small. Some forms of acne; successive crops of boils or carbuncles on any part of body to remove the tendency.
Dissecting wounds, especially if tendency is to become gangrenous; septic fever, marked prostration [Ars., Echi., Pyrog.].
Suspicious insect stings. If the swelling changes color and red streaks from the wound map out the course of lymphatics [Echi., Lach., Pyrog.].
Septic inflammation from absorption of pus or other deleterious substances, with burning pain and great prostration [Ars., Echi., Euph., Pyrog.].
Epidemic spleen diseases of cattle, horses and sheep.
Bad effects from inhaling foul odors of putrid fever or dissecting-room; poisoning by foul breath [Echi., Pyrog.].
Hering says: "To call a carbuncle a surgical disease is the greatest absurdity. An incision is always injurious and often fatal. A case has never been lost under the right kind of treatment, and it should always be treated by internal medicine only.".
RELATIONS: Antidoted by Apis, Ars., Camph., Carb-v., Carb-ac., Lach., Kreos., Puls., Rhus, Sil., Sal-ac.; Pyrog. in malignant septic conditions.
COMPARE: Anth. bovum, Anth. suum, Ars., Carbo-a., Carbo-v., Echi., Euphr., Tar-em., in the terrible pains of cancer, carbuncle or erysipelas.
It follows well: Ars., Carb-ac., Phos., Ph-ac., Phyt., Sec., in burning pains of ulcers.
Is followed well by Aur-m-n., Fl-ac., Hecla. lava, in periosteal swelling of lower jaw; by Sil. in cellulitis and glandular affections post-surgical.
MIND: ||Anxiety, particularly in precordia.
||Loss of consciousness.
||Depression, with debility, and chill.
||Thinks she feels death approaching.
Animals howl, bite, run about, become greatly excited; followed by paralytic symptoms.
|Disinclined to work.
HEAD: Dulness in head as from narcotics.
||Dizziness with pain in head.
Loss of consciousness.
|||Headache, as if a smoke with a heating pain was passing through the head [fume"e de douleur chaude.]; two shepherds who caught it from their flock.
|Head is affected in an indescribable manner.
||Uncomfortable feeling in head, slight chills, mild fever.
||If fully conscious they complain of great pain in head.
||Pain in head, dizziness; inner anthrax.
||Here and there in all parts of brain small and large hemorrhages of embolic origin; after death from anthrax.
||Membranes of brain exhibit circumscribed or symmetrically extended bloody infiltrations.
||Headache with chill. Cerebral symptoms with carbuncle.
Small swelling on temples and cheeks, extending through the orbital sutures and foramina to the dura and pia matter.
Carbuncles mostly on head, near the ears or temples.
Flying gangrene, head swollen [in swine.].
|Swelling of the head [sheep.].
EYES AND SIGHT: ||Great dilatation of pupils; inner anthrax.
||A pale yellowish or greenish swelling, if in the eyelids, of a half-translucent aspect.
|A pale redness above the brows along the forehead.
EARS AND HEARING: ||Ringing in the ears; inner anthrax.
Parotitis gangrenosa, after scarlatina.
|Swelling extending backward over the angle of the right lower jaw, which could not be felt and up to near the ear.
NOSE AND SMELL: Nose swollen and red, fetid smell from it.
||Bloody suffusions on mucous membrane of nose.
|Intense redness of the right half of nose, extending to the cheek.
FACE: |Erysipelatous, dark brown redness and swelling over the whole right side of face, the nose and part of left cheek; swelling very hard, redness does not disappear under the pressure of finger.
|Extending to cheek, redness from nose.
|Could not move the lower jaw as usual.
|Could open the mouth only so far as to put the point of the tongue out.
|Impossible to open the jaws in the least.
|Tearing in the right lower jaw.
|Beginning of swelling was in the region of the right submaxillary gland.
|A stony swelling around the right lower maxilla, the inner space of the mandible filling up to half, reaches to nearly half the cheek, and disfiguring the face, extending backwards over the angle of the lower jaw; very little pain, not red, but sharply defined edges.
|Swelling extending from the inner edge of the left lower jaw across the whole throat, in front and over the edge of the right lower jaw, and au niveau with the upper surface of the right lower molars.
|A large stony, hard, pale swelling around the right lower jaw, nearly painless, disfiguring the face.
|Gland under the chin painfully swollen.
TEECH AND GUMS: |On making an incision near second molar a mass of stinking, brown ichor is discharged.
TASTE, TONGUE: |Flabby taste.
||Tongue often furred, with a thick brown coat; dry.
MOUTH: |Offensive odor from mouth.
|Mouth could not be opened.
||Continued bleeding from the mouth; the blood shows a lack of power to coagulate; with inner anthrax.
||Dark red, bloody ecchymoses of mouth.
||Bloody suffusions and hemorrhagic collections on the mucous membranes of canthi of mouth and nose; inner anthrax.
|Fundus of mouth is elevated by the swelling as hard as a callus, extending back to the parotids, and reaching up to the external surface of the lower jaw.
||Superficially escharred pustules in mouth after death.
THROAT: ||The submucous tissue, especially in fauces and around the larynx, is thickened and edematous.
|Region of the throat above the larynx to the mouth swollen.
Submaxillary, laryngeal, and retropharyngeal glands are infiltrated hyperemic, filled with hemorrhagic foci, colored of a grayish or dark blackish-red, and considerably enlarged.
|Right tonsil hurts.
|Cynanche cellularis; a sharply-marked margin about the swellings.
||Slight difficulty in swallowing; inner anthrax.
|Swallowing exceedingly difficult.
|Could not swallow, with great thirst.
APPETITE: Eating and drinking. Diminished appetite, with heat.
||Loss of appetite, with chills.
||Loss of appetite, and gastralgia; inner anthrax.
|||Loss of appetite, prominent in every patient.
Thirst with heat.
|Excessive thirst, but can hardly swallow.
|Symptoms from putrid water.
STOMACH: Belching, nausea, and inclination to vomit.
||Nausea and vomiting with chill.
Vomiting of bilious and slimy masses.
||Vomiting followed by diarrhoea.
Nausea and vomiting following great pain in the abdomen.
|Pressure and burning in the region of the stomach.
||Walls of stomach and intestine oedematous, discolored, a cloudy red.
||Mucous membrane of stomach and intestines reddish, swollen, with isolated or numerous oedematous, hemorrhagic prominent infiltrations, from size of a lentil to that of a coffee bean, showing a grayish or greenish-yellow discolored surface, with a positively sloughing center.
||Numerous peculiar hemorrhagic and superficially escharred infiltrations of stomach and intestines; intestinal anthrax.
ABDOMEN: |Sensation as if the diaphragm was pushed forward.
|Sensation of anxiety and constriction, most in the precordia, liver engorged, slight hemorrhage here and there, spleen moderately enlarged soft, full of blood, dark color.
||Enlargement of spleen.
||Epidemic spleen diseases of cattle or horses.
Preceded or followed with Arsenicum, Carbolic ac. or Euphorbium as called for by the symptoms.
||The same disease in sheep. Anthracinum suum is better than Anthracinum ovium in the acute form, but in the chronic form Anthracinum ovium is better.
Sudden prostration with great abdominal soreness, mostly in the epigastrium with vomiting, cold limbs, dull head.
||Bellyache with chill.
||Colicky pains; inner anthrax.
|A horse fell down with colic, no motion except now and then bending the head towards the abdomen.
||Mycosis intestinalis; intestinal anthrax.
||In the intestines a thinly fluid material, slightly colored with blood.
||The retroperitoneal and mesenteric connective tissue infiltrated, jelly like, and of a yellowish-reddish color.
||Moderate serous or sero-hemorrhagic effusion and sub peritoneal suggillations.
||Simple hemorrhages, infarction and foci on different parts of intestines.
||Serous and sero-hemorrhagic infiltrations of the peritoneal and mesenteric connective tissue, walls of stomach and intestine, and of the mucous membranes.
||Mesenteric and retroperitoneal glands enlarged to the size of a walnut; from blackish-red masses; held together by jelly- like congestive tissue, infiltrated with serum.
Dark red carbuncle in the omentum.
||Peculiar pustular and carbuncular foci in the intestinal tract.
||Swelling of the abdomen; inner anthrax.
STOOL: Vomiting, followed by a painless, often bloody, diarrhoea.
Diarrhoea with bellyache.
||Vomiting followed by a painless, moderate, more or less intense, often bloody diarrhoea; inner anthrax.
||With the diarrhoea sometimes a cholera-like collapse; inner anthrax.
URINARY ORGANS: ||Kidney swollen, with oedema, sprinkled with small hemorrhages, engorged; suggillations in mucous membrane of the pelvis.
RESPIRATION: ||Breathing frequent, laborious; quick spasmodic; inner anthrax.
LUNGS: Pulmonary hyperaemia, ecchymoses.
||Slight serous effusions into pleural cavities.
||Sub-pleural ecchymoses with vascular engorgement, and a dark coloring of the parenchyma.
||Oedema of the mediastinal lymphatic glands.
HEART, PULSE AND CIRCULATION. Heart-beat frequent but weak.
|Her heart beats altogether different.
||The beating of the heart stronger, more decided and more perceptible.
|Pulse frequent, small, with violent action of the heart; soft; |small and feverish.
|Soft, scarcely frequent pulse.
||Discolored lines over the veins, or red lines or stripes in the course of the lymphatics.
||Cyanosis; inner anthrax.
||Blood of a dark cherry red, generally fluid or with some loose clots.
||Blood not coagulating.
BACK AND NECK: Axillary glands swollen and painful.
|Swelling in the neck size of hazelnut, burning and fiery red; is pointed and hard.
|||Carbuncle on the back, nine inches in length and five inches in its greatest width; with sloughing, abundant discharge of ichorous, terrible smelling pus, and blood poisoning by absorption of pus.
Hydra-rachitis [Grubbe, Kreuzdrehe.], a disease of sheep.
UPPER LIMBS: Tetanic spasms of upper limbs; inner anthrax.
|Arms and hands covered with a crusty eruption, full of cracks, discharging pus and an acrid fluid, with painful, unbearable itching; checked for a while by the Old School, it had burst out again with terrible fury. After Anthracine, the crusts peeled off and were flying about like snow.
|The whole left hand [not the fingers.] Swollen, highly reddened, very painful; the redness extended over the whole hand and even in the wrist, and a red streak ran up the forearm.
|On the middle of the palm of the hand a large blister, which, when opened, discharged a yellow watery fluid.
||Felon, the worst cases, with sloughing; severe torturing and pain and great prostration.
LOWER LIMBS: |Thighs livid to the nates, hard and painful; lower legs dark blue, feet edematous; when the blisters break they discharge an offensive ichor.
|The whole thigh was swollen, most above the knee, and also the foot.
|Livid redness on the lower part of the whole thigh, up to the buttocks, hard and painful.
|Above the knee, redness, swelling and pain, and later a large black blister on the inside of thigh, extending four inches upward and inward; after being lanced bloody water ran out.
|On outside of knee a large fluctuating swelling, by pressure discharging a horribly smelling gangrenous ichor.
|From the openings on lower leg, caused by the fracture, a copious stinking pus [like carious bones.].
|Bluish brown spots which break open.
|The whole lower limb blackish-blue; the region of the blister [foolishly lanced.] Mortified, discharging much offensive ichor.
|Ulcers size of a hand on lower limbs; no antipsoric had relieved; Anthracinum helped very soon.
Discolored lines trace out the veins over the edematous parts.
||Severe pain the limbs and joints with fever; intestinal anthrax.
Limbs as if beaten.
NERVES: ||Great restlessness.
Paroxysms of trembling.
Single muscles start or tremble.
||Epileptiform convulsions; inner anthrax.
||Clonic spasms, trismus or opisthotonos; sometimes in serious cases.
||Tetanic spasms in upper limbs.
||Opisthotonos; inner anthrax.
Debility and depression, with pain in the limbs.
||Debility with chill.
||Great weakness with fever.
||Debility and depression, with pains in limbs and general sense of malaise, followed by disturbance of intestinal canal; inner anthrax.
Debility and sweat all over.
|Completely exhausted, she thinks she feels death.
||Cholera-like collapse after diarrhoea.
Collapse, with difficulty of breathing; loss of consciousness; death.
||Sudden fatal issue, preceded by extreme collapse.
||With cyanosis, asphyxia and the most extreme collapse, followed by death in all cases of bleeding.
||Marked rigor mortis after death.
SLEEP: ||Somnolence; inner anthrax.
Could not sleep for pain.
|Restless, irritated at night.
||Restless sleep, with chill.
Delirium, sopor, then death.
Sleep short, not refreshing, more like a stupor.
FEVER: ||Chilly, with debility, headache, followed by a general malaise, loss of appetite, restless sleep, great debility and depression, and in eight or ten days, carbuncles most on the arms, forearm, head.
||Decided chill, followed by bellyache, nausea, vomiting and in two or three days with the supervention of collapse and cyanosis death.
||Slight chills with fever and strange sensation in head.
With great prostration, chilliness, pains in the limbs, increase of fever and weakness, anxiety, restlessness, vertigo, delirium, dull head; stool retarded, urine scanty; skin dry, later covered with cold sweat.
||Temperature every slightly elevated; inner anthrax.
||Febrile movement, slight in the beginning, is often followed apace by high fever; great weakness, delirium, excitement, confusion.
|Moderate heat, little thirst, general sweat.
|Very much fever.
|Heat, thirst, less appetite, suffering and fatigued.
|Fever with diarrhoea.
Fever attended by sweating.
||Sweat all over with debility.
|Disposed to sweat; rather sticky.
||Cold sweats in serious cases.
Typhoid type, with rapidly sinking pulse, loss of strength, fainting, delirium.
SKIN: Dark-red spots [sheep.].
Skin of the affected part either hard on doughy.
|Skin dry, itching violently and burning.
|Unbearable itching on arms and hands.
|Itching with dry skin; violent as if mad [horses.].
|Crusty oozing eruption, with the most violent itching.
|Crusty eruption discharging acrid fluid.
A small red spot, sometimes with a blackish point in the middle, gradually becoming more sensitive, has to scratch, it reddens more and more, swells and forms a small pustule or blotch.
||A little red speck, like a flea-bite, with a central black point, swells gradually and changes into a itching papule, capped with a small, clear, reddish or bluish vesicle, gradually enlarging.
||The excoriated spot dries up, becomes brown and livid and a local eschar forms.
By inflammatory swelling of the surrounding skin and a red or violent raised border is formed, around it a bluish or pale yellow ring, upon which little vesicles, size of a hemp seed, appear surrounding the central eschar.
||With an increase of the round thick eschar, one-fourth to three-fourths of an inch, the raised border also extends.
Excoriated surface dries and mummifies, but new blisters form all around.
||Small and large epidermal vesicles filled with serum.
|Blister on palm of hand.
||The secondary vesicles contain a yellowish, reddish and blackish fluid.
||Over the pustule a blister, size of a lentil, with a clear, bright yellowish, later a reddish or bluish fluid.
|Black or blue blisters.
||Black blisters, fatal in twenty-four to forty-eight hours.
|Large black blister on inside of thigh.
||In case of more than one detritus, the whole is swollen like erysipelas, and when cut it looks like the Vespajas of the Italian dermatologists.
|Erysipelatous inflammation about the carbuncle.
|Erysipelatous form of chronic anthrax.
|Small-pox of sheep.
Umbilicated pustules, yellow or bluish around, with the depression of a dark red hue, and hemorrhagic foundation.
If scraped off soon the excoriated spot dries, turns brown and livid and leaves a scar.
||The dense or doughy soft papules or pustules, around and beneath the eschar, vary in size from a pea to a nut.
||The papule promptly burst and discloses a dark red base.
Sometimes blisters looking more like furuncles; a pus-like collection under the epidermis, which loosens and discloses decomposed matter.
||Papules and pustules, with extensive edematous and phlegmonous infiltration of the neighboring skin and subcutaneous tissue.
||The anthrax pustule penetrates deeply into the subcutaneous cellular tissue.
||Anthrax pustules most on face, forearms, hands, fingers, neck, less often the ear, still less frequent the covered parts. Anthrax carbuncles, with typhoid symptoms.
Little carbuncles; inner anthrax.
||Carbuncle darkish red, greasy, and is often more eroded than ulcerated.
Circumscribed carbuncle, hard large knots.
Diffuse, erysipelatous carbuncle.
||Carbuncle on arm, forearm, head. See chill.
|||Carbuncle with horrible burning pains; or discharge of ichorous offensive pus.
|||Anthrax carbuncles cured by Anthracin, every day, also externally, in four days.
|Seventh day after the remedy several larger and smaller openings, discharging watery, sometimes bloody matter, very little pus; swelling less hard around the base.
|All openings run into one, discharge much pus.
|After having taken homoeopathic medicine for malignant ulcers, suddenly the greatest malaise, and a black blister formed below the knee with swelling all around, and feverish shaking chill through the whole body.
|Ulcus excedens [sheep.].
|Most malignant gangrenous ulcers [sheep.].
|Chronic forms of anthrax with indurations like knots under the skin.
||Large cutaneous eschars.
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