back Arnica Montana

Synonym. - Arnica Montana.

Natural order.- Composites.

Common name. - Leopard's Bane.

Habitat. - A perennial herb growing in mountainous districts of the northern hemisphere.

Preparation. - Tincture from the root, leaves and flowers, mixed.

The chief action of Arnica is upon the blood, producinggeneral anaemia and a tendency to haemorrhages, capillary stases, ecchymoses, defective nutrition, etc.  On the muscular, serous, and cellular tissues and tendons it produces conditions quite similar to those resulting from injuries, falls, blows, etc., both external and internal, even to traumatic fever and septicaemia, by purulent infection.  It also acts, secondarily, upon the capillaries, stimulating their absorbent power, especially after having been weakened by external injuries.  Through the motor nerves it affects the cerebro-spinal axis, causing spinal irritation and its attendant evils, paralysis, etc.  In the digestive tract it produces irritation and a low inflammatory condition, giving rise on the one hand to dyspeptic symptoms, and on the other to typhoid conditions.  A bruised, sore feeling is its leading peculiarity.

Mind.- oUnconscious (Camph., Bell., Op.);  when spoken to answers correctly, but unconsciousness and delirium return at ouce (Bapt., Hyos.).  oStupor, with, involuntary discharge of faeces; typhoid.  Indifference to everything (Phos., Phos. ac); hopelessness.  Fright.  Inability to perform continuous active work.  Sullen, morose, does not speak a loud word.  Sensitive.  oLow muttering delirium or complete stupor in malarial or typhoid fevers.  Want of memory (Anac, Lach., Nux m.); forgets the word he is about speaking (Baryt. carb.).  oFears being struck or even touched by those coming toward him.  oViolent attacks of anguish;  angina pectoris.  Hypochondriacal anxiety (Aur., Nux v., Puls.)

Head. - Vertigo with nausea; better when sitting or bending the head, but on righting the head or moving it a feeling as if everything turned with her (Alum., Bell., Bry., Coni., Nux v.).  Vertigo when closing the eyes.  Confusion of the head, with pressure in right half of head, especially over right brow.

Pressive headache, as if distended from within outward.  Pain, as if a knife were drawn through the head transversely, followed by coldness.  Headache in the morning on waking, and later when walking in the open air, when there was vertigo.  Stitches in forehead with sensation of extravasation of blood. Aching over the eyes extending towards the temples, with sensation as if the integuments of the forehead were spasmodically contracted;  as if the brain were rolled up in a lump, worse near the stove. Stitches in the temples; intermittent tearing in left temple.  Headache as if a nail were thrust into the temple (Anac, Agar., Coff., Ign.).  Cold spot on forehead.  oBad effects from falls or blows on the head.

Eyes.- Eyes sunken.  Pinching in inner half of right eyeball. Pupils contracted; dilated.  Margin of upper lids painful when the lids are moved, as if they were dry and slightly sore, inflammation of the eyes, with suggillations after mechanical injuries. oRetinal haemorrhage; expedites absorption of clots.

Ears.- Bruised pain in ears; stitches in and behind ears; ears very dry.  oHard hearing from concussions. Humming in the ears.

Nose. - Bruised pain from above downward.  Frequent blowing of nose with traces of blood.  oNosebleed, dark, fluid blood, from mechanical causes; during whooping cough or typhoid fever.

Face. - Face sunken.  Lips chapped.  Red swelling of right cheek, with throbbing and pi aching pain, swollen lip and great heat in head, with cold body.  Redness and burning in one cheek (Acon., Cham.).  Trembling of lower lip; oin typhus.

Mouth. - Putrid smell from the mouth (Aur., Hep. s., Iodi., Kreos., Merc., Nitr. ac, Nux v.); foetid breath.  Dryness in mouth, with great thirst (Ars., Bry.).  Biting, burning and scraping at root of tongue and in oesophagus.  oToothache after operations, plugging, etc. Tongue coated white (Ant. crud., Bry., Merc, Nux v.).  Taste bitter, disgusting (Hep.); putrid, slimy (Ascl. t., Merc, Nux. v., Puls., Sep.); like rotten eggs.

Stomach. - Repugnance to food; aversion to meat (Alum., Graph., Ptel., Puls.) and broth. Eructations bitter and like rotten eggs (Agar., Ant. tart., Cham., Psor., Sep., Valer., Ptel.); empty at night.  Thirst without external heat, the pupils being little capable of dilatation.  Nausea;  with general relaxation; with burning and scratching in throat.  oVomiting of coagulated blood;  after injuries. Spasmodic contraction of stomach causes a general pain, but mostly in posterior wall, with a sensation as if wall of stomach would be forcibly pressed toward the spine, and as if spine would be made painful from that place downwards. Feeling of repletion in stomach with loathing.  Pinching, spasmodic griping in the stomach.

Abdomen. - Tympanitic distension of the abdomen (Cinch.); frequent urging to stool; though constipated.  Offensive flatus (Ascl., Aloe, Bry., Carb. v., Graph.); smelling like rotten eggs (Sulph.).  Stitches beloiv false ribs (especially left) when standing, intercepting breathing. Pressure and constriction below last ribs. Stitches and cutting in abdomen; in sides during cough.  Sharp thrusts in abdomen from one side to the other.  Colic resembling dysentery, a deep-seated digging pain in hypogastrium on both sides, with nausea and drowsiness.  Intermittent tearing in left half of pubic eminence.

Stool and Anus.- Involuntary stool (Ars., Carb.v.) at night (Hyos.); when asleep.  Diarrhoea, resembling brown yeast.  Stools undigested (Ant. crud., Cinch., Podo.); blood or pus; copious, thin pap-like, sour smelling (Podo.), following tenesmus, and giving relief; small mucous stools. Diarrhoea at night, with cutting in intestines. Frequent stools with necessity to lie down after each stool.

Urinary Organs.- Urine dark, scanty (Acon.) ; brick-dust sediment (Lyc., Cinch., Natr. mur., Phos.); dark-brown.  oBloody urine from mechanical causes. Tenesmus of the bladder, with involuntary dropping of urine; with ineffectual urging.  Urine retained, with aching and pressing in bladder.  oInvoluntary urination (Ars., Bell., Hyos.) at night during sleep (Caust., Cupr., Puls.).  oHas to wait a long time for urine to pass.  oRetention of urine from exertion.

Sexual Organs- oSoreness, pain, swelling, haemorrhages, etc., resulting from mechanical injuries. oPhymosis from friction, parts bruised and much swollen.  oSoreness and lameness of parts after labor, especially after instrumental delivery.  oSore nipples (Graph.).  oMastitis from injury.  oUterine haemorrhages, and other disorders from injuries.

Respiratory Organs. - oCough in children produced by weeping and lamenting; from itching in upper part of larynx. Dry cough from tickling in lowest part of trachea; short, hacking, dry; every morning after rising; constant, shaking the whole frame. Bloody expectoration (Bry., Phos.).  Short, panting respiration.  Dyspnoea; quick inspirations and expirations.  Stitches in chest (left side), worse from a dry cough;  worse from motion; better from external pvessure (Bry.), with short cough which aggravates the pain, and with tightness of chest. Violent stitches in the middle of the left chest (Bry., Kalicarb.).  Pain, as if bruised (Apis, Cinch., Sil.), or sprained in the articulations and cartilages of chest, during motion, breathing and coughing. Raw feeling in chest.

Heart and Pulse.- Pain in region of heart as if squeezed (Cact., Lil.), or as if it got a shock.  o"Strain of the heart," from violent running.  oPressure under the sternum, anguish, collapse, small irregular pulse; dyspnoea; angina pectoris.  Articulations and cartilaginous connections of chest feel as if beaten, when moving, breathing or coughing.  Stitches in cardiac region (Bry., Cact., Kali carb., Spig.) from left to right side of heart.  Pulse intermittent, feeble, irregular, hurried (Apoc, Dig.).

Neck and Back.- Violent pain in the spine, as after sudden rising up after long stooping (Cinch., Dulc, Puls.); in the morning on rising.  Great soreness and pain in back, as if bruised or beaten (Ars., Berb., Bry., Rhustox., Sulph.).  Pain in the middle of spine when sitting; in spine as if it could not carry the body.  Pain in lower cervical vertebrae on bending the head, with tension; on spinal processes of lower cervical and upper dorsal vertebrae, with tension. Pain between scapulae, Avith pressure near spine.  Stitches in right side of back, from last ribs to axilla, at every inspiration.

Limbs. - Heaviness in all the limbs.  Paralytic pains in all the joints during motion, as if bruised. Limbs as if bruised, at rest or on motion;  painful concussion from jolting of carriage, or stepping firmly, also tingling.

Upper Limbs. - Arms feel weary, as if bruised (Cimic).  Pain, as from bruises, on anterior surfaces of arms. Sensation as if the joints of the arms and wrists were sprained.  Acute bruised pain in the balls of the thumbs.  Violent twitching pain from shoulder joint to little finger.  Slight cracking and sensation of dislocation in right wrist when moving the hand.  Sharp drawing in outer half of back of right hand.  Tearing, twitching, drawing pain in ulnar side of back of right hand.  Cramps in fingers of left hand.  Tearing in tips of left ring and little finger.  Drawing in right thumb.

Lower Limbs.- Drawing, pressive pain in left hip-joint, when sitting with thigh extended. Pain as from a sprain in the hips.  Pain in thighs when walking, as from a blow or contusion.  Pain in calf of right leg, as from a blow, with lassitude of the legs.  Pain as from a sprain in tarsal joints.  Arthritic pains in foot, worse towards evening;  big toe joint red, feels sprained.  Burning spot on outside of left tibia.  Tearing pain in right outer mallelous, and on dorsum of foot.  Drawing in outer half of back of left foot.  Tearing in left little toe.

Generalities.- Stitches in various parts.  Formication or dull pain in contused part.  Weakness, with a bruised sensation (Bapt.). Lassitude and sluggishness of the whole body; scarcely able to stand.  Weary, bruised (Ranunc.), sore (Bad., Ruta); great weakness (Cinch.); omust lie down, yet bed feels too hard (Bapt.).  Whole body, especially skin and joints, excessively painful and sensitive.  Tearing, tingling, drawing, etc., in outer parts (Acon.).

Skin. - Red, hot, oedematous (Apis, Rhus tox.). Inflammation of skin and cellular tissues; tender on pressure; erysipelatous.  Hot, hard, shining, swelling, as from insect stings (Ant. crud., Apis, Led.). Many small painful boils, one after another ; extremely sore.

Sleep. - Sleepiness; drowsiness (Nux m.).  Frequent yawning in evening, without sleepiness. Sleepiness (Op., Cinch., Laur.).  Dreams vivid, frightful, anxious (Aur., Puls., Sulph.);  of graves;  of lightning striking, etc.

Fever. - Chilly in morning in bed.  Chilly, with heat and redness in one cheek.  Shivering over whole body and head, at same time heat in head and redness and heat in face (Ars.); cool hands; hips, back and arms feel bruised.  Dry heat in bed ; violent thirst, even covering makes him chilly ; chilly on moving in bed.  Head alone, or face alone, hot, body cold. Great internal heat, hands and feet being cold (Ars.).  Sweat, sour or offensive (Ars.); at night.

Compare. - Acon., Cimic, Apis, Ars., Bapt., Bov., Bry., Carb. v., Elaps, Hyper., Ipec, Merc, Nitr. ac, Phos., Puls., Rhus tox., Ruta, Sec. c, Sep., Sil., Symphytum.

Antidotes - Camph., Ipec, Cinch., Ign., Cic, Ferr., Senega, Vinegar.

Arnica Antidotes.- Alcohol, Aram, carb., Cinch., Cic, Ferr., Ipec, Senega, Charcoal vapor.


THERAPEUTICS. The chief use of Arnica is in the treatment of the acute or chronic bad effects, even inflammations from mechanical injuries, bruises and contusions (Allen says "of cuts rather than bruises"). Hypericum is better in spinal concussion; Calendula in wounds, with loss of substauce, or with suppuration; Rhus in sprains; Symphytum in bone injuries.  Arnica is especially useful in bruises with well-marked ecchymoses, and in concussion of the brain or spine (Hypericum).  An excellent rem- edy both locally and internally for the swelling and tumefaction accompanying fractures.  Compound fractures and their profuse suppuration.  Haemorrhages from any part, of mechanical origin.  Myalgia. Muscular pain and soreness from a strain or wrench, or after over exertion (Rhus tox.).  Hypertrophy of the heart and palpitation from like causes.  It is sufficient to say that Arnica is useful in any disease of any organ or tissue where the disease results directly from traumatic causes.  The chief symptom of Arnica in all cases is a "bruised, sore feeling."  This symptom also often indicates Arnica in rheumatism and rheumatoid affections. In gout the patient fears being struck by those coming towards him.  Arnica is an excellent remedy to administer after parturition.  It relieves the soreness and lameness of the parts, especially after instrumental delivery, and tends to prevent septic infection. Farrington says that it also " promotes proper contraction of the uterus, and expulsion of coagula, and of any portion of the membranes that may have been retained."  It is also an excellent remedy for sore nipples, and for mastitis resulting from injury.  The power of Arnica to prevent pyaema is wonderful, and makes its application after injuries and surgical operations the more important.  In retinal haemorrhages Arnica expedites the absorption of clots.  As might be surmised from its action on the blood, Arnica is a valuable remedy in typhoid or typho-malarial fevers, and in typhoid states in general, its chief indication being an indifferent, stupid condition, the patient falling asleep when answering a question (Bapt.); feels sore and bruised; the bed seems too hard; the head is hotter than the body; suggillations; petechias; intestinal haemorrhage; in voluntary stools; also when bedsores form.  Arnica is useful when boils or abscesses do not mature well and discharge, but are absorbed and pass away, new ones continually forming. Erysipelatous inflammations, and echymoses.  Varicose veins and ulcers.  Arnica is useful in gastro-enteritis, diarrhoea and dysentery with foul stools, and a typhoid tendency.  Dyspepsia with foul eructations like rotten eggs, and much offensive flatus of a like odor. Angina pectoris. Pneumonia and pleurisy, especially from injuries. Whooping cough ; the child cries before the paroxysm, as though in fear of the soreness it will cause; cough causes blood-shot eyes, nosebleed ; expectoration of foaming blood, or clots of blood. Apoplexia; mania; delirium tremens, with characteristic symptoms. Anaemia with great prostration, after injuries or low forms of fever. Spinal irritation; paralysis. Thrombosis. Hematocele.

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