back Cannabis Indica

Natural order. - Urticaceae.

Common names. - Hashish. Indian Hemp.

Habitat. - A plant native of India, botanieally the same as the Cannabis sativa, bnt possessing very different medical properties.

Preparation. - Tincture from the dried herb-tops.

 

Cannabis Indica acts as a powerful excitant of the nervous system, perverting the functions of the brain, and increasing both intellectual and motor activity.  For this reason, in India, it is used as an intoxicating exhilarant.  Its action depends largely upon the temperament of the individual in whom it is employed, varying from a mild exhilaration, and happy reverie in some, to a most intense and highly exalted ecstasy in those most susceptible to its influences; in such, all sensations, perceptions and conceptions being exaggerated to the utmost degree.  "Distances seem infinite and time endless; pleasure is paradise itself, and any painful thought or feeling plunges at once into the depths of misery."  As the action varies in intensity, so also does it to some extent in character, according to the natural disposition of the person, the existing state of mind, and the quantity of the drug employed; the exhilaration and activity sometimes giving place to sadness, depression and weakness; and those possessing evil and malignant dispositions sometimes become extremely vicious and violent.  In short those faculties most active in health are most powerfully affected by the drug.  Convulsions are sometimes produced. Its special effects may be better understood from a detailed study of the symptoms which arise.

 

Mind.- Exaltation of spirit, with excessive loquacity (Hyos., Lach., Stram.).  Full of fun and mischief, and laughs immoderately. Hallucinations and imaginations innumerable (Absinth., Hyos., Stram.).  Imagines that he hears music, shuts his eyes and is lost in delicious thought.  Imagined that he was gradually swelling.  Ridiculous speculative ideas.

Anguish, accompanied by great oppression; better in the open air.  Constant fear of becoming insane (Calc. c, Merc).  Exaggeration of duration of time and extent of space; seconds seem ages, a few rods an immense distance.  Horror of darkness.  Fear of approaching death (Acon., Ars.).  Inability to recall any thought or events on account of different thoughts crowding on his brain.  Very absent-minded (Apis).  Fixed ideas.  Every few minutes he would lose himself, and then wake up, as it were, to those around him.   Clairvoyance.  oDelirium tremens; trembling; hallucinations; tendency to become furious; nausea; unquenchable thirst.

Head. - Vertigo; on rising; with stunning pain in back part of head, and he falls.  Frequent involuntary shaking of the head.  Heavy pressure on the brain, forciug him to stoop.  Violent shocks pass through the brain.  Dull, drawing pain in forehead, especially over the eyes.  Throbbing, aching pain in forehead.  Jerking in the right side of forehead, toward the interior and back part of head.  Aching in both temples, most severe in the right.  Dull stitching in the right temple.  Pain in the whole side of the head. Head feels heavy, loses consciousness and falls.

Eyes. - Fixed gaze. Visual clairvoyance.  Jerking at the outer angle of the eye and eyelid. Injections of vessels of conjunctiva of both eyes (Acon.).  Letters run together when reading.  Twinkling, trembling and glimmering before the eyes.

Ears.- Aching in both ears.  Throbbing and fullness in both ears.  Ringing and buzzing in the ears. Noise in the ears, like boiling water.  Periodical singing in the ears during a dreamy spell, ceasing when he came to himself.

Face. - Wearied exhausted appearance.  Drowsy, stupid look.

Mouth.- Lips feel as if glued together.  Gritting and grinding of the teeth while sleeping (Cic). Dryness of the mouth and lips.  White, thick, frothy and sticky saliva.  Every article of food is extremely palatable.  Stammering and stuttering (Caust., Stram.).

Throat. - The throat is parched, accompanied by intense thirst for cold water.

Stomach. - Ravenous hunger.  Pain in the cardiac orifice, relieved by pressure.  Swollen feeling when eating, with oppression of the chest, as if he would suffocate; must loosen the clothes.

Anus.- Sensation in the anus as if he were sitting on a ball; as if the anus and part of the urethra were filled up by a hard, round body.

Urinary Organs. - Pain in the kidneys when laughing.  Burning, aching, or sharp stitches in the kidneys.  A white glairy mucus may be squeezed from the urethra.  Burning and scalding or stinging pain in the urethra before, during and after urination (Can. sat., Canth.).  Urging to urinate, but cannot pass a drop.  Profuse, colorless urine.  Has to wait some time before the urine flows.   Has to force out the last few drops with the hand.  The urine dribbles out after the stream ceases.

Male Organs. - Sexual desire excessively increased (Canth.).  Erections not caused by amorous thoughts. Violent, painful erections (Canth.); chordee.   Penis relaxed and shrunken (Agn.).  Satyriasis. Itching in the glans penis.

Female Organs. - Very profuse menstruation (Bell., Nux v.).

Respiratory Organs. - Rough cough, with scraping immediately under the sternum (Ambr., Phos., Rumex).  It requires a great effort to take a deep inspiration.  Oppression of chest, with deep, labored breathing.  He feels as if suffocated, and has to be fanned (Ars.).

Heart and Pulse.- Palpitation of the heart, awaking from sleep.  Pressing pain in the heart, with dyspnoea the whole night.  Piercing pain in the heart.  Sensation as if drops were falling from the heart.  Stitches in the heart, accompanied by great oppression; the latter relieved by deep breathing. Pulse very slow (as slow as 46.) (Dig., Op.).

Back.- Pain across the shoulders and spine; must stoop, cannot walk erect.

Limbs. - Paralysis of the lower limbs and right arm.

Upper Limbs. - Agreeable thrilling through the arms and hands.

Lower Limbs.- Entire paralysis of the lower extremities.  Weariness in limbs, and stiffness and aching in knees; almost paralysis.  Agreeable thrilling from the knees down, with a sensation as if a bird's claws were clasping the knees.

On attempting to walk, intensely violent pain as if treading on spikes, which penetrated the soles and ran upward through the limbs to the hips; worse in right limb, and accompanied by drawing pains in both calves.

Shooting pains in the joints of the toes of left foot; worse in great toe; aching and stitching pain in ball of left great toe.

Generalities. - Great desire to lie down in the daytime.  Thoroughly exhausted after a short walk. Felt so weak that he could scarcely speak (Stan.), and soon fell into a deep sleep.

Sleep. - Excessive sleepiness (Nux m.); sound sleep, with melancholy dreams.  Starting of the limbs while sleeping, causing him to awake.  Voluptuous dreams, with erections and profuse seminal emissions.  Dreams prophetic; vexatious; of dead bodies, of danger and of perils to be encountered. Nightmare every night as soon as he falls asleep.

Fever.- Loss of animal heat (Sil., Sep.).  General chilliness.  Coldness of the face, nose and hands after dinner.  Profuse sticky sweat, standing out in drops on his forehead.

Aggravation- From coffee; while eating; from liquor and tobacco ; on right side.

Amelioration.- From fresh air; from cold water; from rest.

Conditions.- Affects nervous and sanguine temperaments most; the bilious nearly as much; the lymphatic but slightly.

Compare.- Agar., Bell., Camph., Digit., Can. sat., Canth., Crocus, Nux v., Hyos., Op., Stram.

 

THERAPEUTICS. Not extensively used.  May be indicated by its peculiar mental symptoms in delirium tremens and mania.  Catalepsy; neuralgia; migraine, as if the head were opening and shutting with mental symptoms.  Ursemic headaches.  Said to be especially useful in gonorrhoea when the chordee is well marked.  Uterine colic.


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