back Hyoscyamus Niger

Synonym.- Hyoscyamus Niger. Natural order. - Sclanacese. Common name. - Henbane. Habitat. - A plant, nrtive of Europe, where it grows on roadsides, amid rubbish; etc. Preparation. - Tincture from the fresh plant.

GENERAL ANALYSIS.

Acts especially upon the cerebro-spinal system, affecting particularly the sensorium and the muscular system, m the former producing perversion of the perceptive and intellectual faculties- illusions and hallucinations, and also causing a distinct mania partaking of the quarrelsome or obscene character. While in its action upon the cerebral functions Hyoscyamus has much in common with Belladonna and Stramonium, there is yet an essential difference, in that it does not produce the cerebral hyperemia so characteristic of the former, nor the intensely high degree of maniacal excitement caused by Stramonium. Its functional excitement is moderate, and the circulatory disturbance never goes on to inflammation. Hence its cerebral manifestations partake more of the purely nervous excitability, and resemble more particularly the type of cerebral disorder occurring in typhoid conditions, typhus fever and delirium tremens. On the muscular system, through the motor nerves, it acts with great power, producing paralysis, spasmodic affections of single parts, and convulsions, but more especially paralysis of the involuntary system. The most essential feature of the drug is an increased sensorial activity and nervous excitement.

CHARACTERISTIC SYMPTOMS.

Mind. - Complete loss of consciousness (Ailanth., Bell.). When spohen to answers properly, but immediately stupor and delirium return (Arn., Bapt.). Delirium, and restless- ness; would not stay in bed (Agar., Ailanth., Bell.). Illusions and hallucinations (Anac, Coccul., Stram.). Delirium; talks of business (Bry.); complains of imaginary wrongs; fears being poisoned or sold; constant muttering, unintelligible chattering, or talking (Stram.), or meddling with the hands. Suspicious. Delirious, without apparent heat; the face is pale and limbs are cold, though the temperature is high. lascivious mania, uncovers the whole body especially sexual parts; sings amorous and obscene songs. Mania, with ridiculous gestures and ludicrous actions. Mania, rage; scolds, swears, tries to injure others, strikes, bites, wants to kill (Stram.). Foolish laughter, animated and hurried talk (Lach., Merc, Stram.). Picking at the bed clothes (Bell., Str am.). oDeliriuni tremens, with clonic spasms; aversion to light and company (Carb. an., Ign., Natr. c.; reverse Stram.). oFright followed by convulsions, startings, etc. (Gels., Op., Stram.); jealousy (Lach.). oDisappointed or unfortunate love (Aur., Ign., Phos. ac.); jealousy, rage, incoherent speech, convulsions.

Head. - Confusion and vertigo, as from intoxication, (Coccul., Nux m., Nujcv., Op., Led.). Pressing, stupefying pain in the forehead. The brain feels as if it were loose (Nux m.). Stupor (Op.); shakes the head to and fro (Hell., Stram.); swashing sensation in the brain (Nux m.). Undulating sensation in the brain (Cinch., Glon.). oKolls head, stertor, hiccough; concussion of the brain.

Eyes. - Eyes look wild, red and sparkling (Bell., Canth., Stram.); squinting (Apis). Stupid, staring look. Conjunc- tiva injected. Pupils dilated (Ailanth., Pell.) and insensible (Cic.,Op., Stram., Hell.). Obscuration of sight; nearsighted. Dimness of vision, as if a veil were before the eyes (Canst., Cycl., Kreos., Phos., Puls., Sulph.). Illusions of vision; objects look red as fire, or too large (Nux m.) objects appear smaller {Plat.).

Nose. - Loss of smell. Sudden jerks at root of nose. Pressing pinching at root of nose and malar bones.

Face.- Face flushed, dark-red, bloated (Bapt.); pale; red and hot; distorted (Bell.). Lockjaw, with consciousness (Absinth., Cic, Ign.). Foam at mouth (Cic).

Mouth. - Toothache in sensitive, nervous people; throbbing, drawing, tearing pains in morning; worse from cold air (Sulph.). Paralysis of the tongue (Dulc, Caust., Gels.). Speech difficult, confused (Caust., Coni., Gels.). Dryness of the mouth, tongue, lips and fauces (Acon., Ars., Ailanth., Bry., Nujc m., Puls.). Offensive odor from the mouth.

Throat. - Constriction of the throat, with inability to swallow, especially fluids {Bell., Plumb., Stram.). An attempt to swallow renews the spasm.

Stomach.- Great thirst; drinks but little at a time (Ars.). Great dread of liquids (Bell.). Hiccough after a meal (Bry., Ign., Paris). Retching and vomiting (Ars., Ant. tart., Ipec). Pit of stomach tender to touch {Kali carb. ,Natr. carb.).

Abdomen.- Sticking in the umbilical region during inspiration. Pain in muscles of abdomen as if sprained or bruised. Painful soreness of the abdominal walls {Bry.). Abdomen distended and painful to touch (Acon., Bell.). Cutting low down in the abdomen.

Stool and Anus.- Paralysis of rectum; of sphincter ani. Involuntary stools (Arn., Ars., Carb. v., Phos., Rhus tox.), at night; while urinating (Ailanth., Mur. ac). Watery, painless diarrhoea (Ars., Cinch., Podo.). Frequent desire for stool, with small discharges.

Urinary Organs.- Paralysis of the bladder (Arn, Bell., Caust., Cupr.). Micturition of frequent, scanty (Acon., Apis, Digit., Hell.), difficult, involuntary (Ars., Bell., Cic, Stram.); has no will to urinate. Retention of urine (Acon., Bell., Canth., Mux v.).

Male Organs.- Sexual desire, excessive; lascivious; exposes his person.

Female Organs.- Lascivious; uncovers sexual parts. Laborlike pains in uterus, with pulling in loins and small of back. oHysterical pain or spasms preceding the menses. oDuring the menses, convulsive trembling of the hands and feet, headache, nausea and profuse perspiration. oProfuse flow of the menses. oSpasms during pregnancy; puerperal convulsions {Bell.). Suppression of lochia (Acon.,.Cimic); oof milk (Acon., Agar., Puls., Khus tox.). oChildren at breast have singultus.

Respiratory Organs. - Dry, spasmodic cough at night; worse on lying down (Coni., Sep., Sil., Sulph.); has to sit up; when it disappears (Puls.). Dry, tickling, hacking cough, which seems to come from the air passages. Much mucus in larynx and air passages; makes the voice husky. Spasms of chest, arrest of breathing; must lean forward. Stitches in sides of chest.

Pulse. - Accelerated, full, hard and strong; rapid, intermittent; slow and small; weak and irregular; weak, scarcely perceptible.

Neck and Back.- Spinal meningitis, with convulsions, jerks of muscles; neck turned obliquely.

Limbs. - Trembling of the limbs (Coccul., Coni., Gels.). Frequent twitching of the hands and feet (Bell.); toes spasmodically contracted, on walking or on ascending.

Generalities.- Muscular twitching. Subsultus tendinum (Kali iod., Strain.). Convulsive jerks of single muscles or sets of muscles; long-lasting spasms (Ign.). Convulsions; the spasms flex the limbs, and the bent body is tossed upward. Body rigid, as in tetanus (Ipec). Epileptiform convul- sions (Ars., Bell., Cupr.); falls suddenly to the ground with shrieks and convulsions, ending with sopor and snoring (Op.), body cold and stiff. Uncommon sinking of strength (Ars., Cinch., Phos., Sec). Veins expanded or puffed up; full pulse. oParalysis after spasms, or after diphtheria. Aggravation in the evening; after eating.

Sleep. - Sleeplessness from excessive nervous excitement (Cimic, Cojf., Op.). Kestless sleep; starting s from fright (Agar., Ars., Bell., Bry., Stram.). Deep sleep, with convulsions. Wake up with a cry.

Conditions- Useful with nervous, excitable persons; with drunkards; with old men and children.

Compare. - Bell., Bry., Cupr., Ign., Gels., Lyc., Op., Puls., Stram.

Antidotes. - Vinegar, Bell., Camph., Citric ac, Cinch., Stram.

Hyoscyamus Antidotes.- Bell., Plumb., Stram., Ether.

THERAPEUTICS.

The chief therapeutic value of Hyoscyamus is in the treat- ment of acute mania, and delirium occurring in the course of acute diseases, especially fevers; puerperal mania; delirium tremens. The mania and delirium of Hyos. are of a peculiar character, and have been sufficiently portrayed in the foregoing general analysis and mental symptoms. The excessive nervous excitement of the drug is characteristic, and may lead to its use in a variety of ailments where that condition is present, reminding us of Kali brom., but much more often useful from a homoeopathic standpoint. Paralysis agitans. Ailments from jealousy, unhappy love, fright and mental emotions; mania; convulsions, etc. Often useful in convulsions; opisthotonos; coldness and rigidity of body; consciousness retained. Epileptiform convulsions . Puerperal convulsions. Tetanus; trismus. Hydrophobia. Chorea, with incoherent muscular movements and twitchings, great nervousness. Spinal meningitis with convulsions. Especially useful in spasmodic affections of pregnant or parturient women and in children. An excellent remedy for involuntary urination from paralysis of the neck of the bladder, especially in mania and fevers; also involuntary stool. Diarrhoea of lying-in women. Retention of urine, especially after parturition. Menorrhagia. Nymphomania. Often useful in nervous coughs; spasmodic night cough; worse when lying down, better when sitting up; from nervous causes; irritable epiglottis; elongated uvula. Irritable cough from eating, drinking, talking or singing. Whooping cough. Insomnia from great nervous excitement (Coff.). Sleeplessness of children, with twitching, startings, waking from fright. A useful remedy in nervous forms of adynamic fevers, typhus, typhoid, scarlatina, etc.; great nervousness, carphologia; low, muttering delirium; sleeplessness; involuntary evacuations, dry tongue, etc. Hiccough.


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